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 FAT & NTFS File system

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M H E L
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PostSubject: FAT & NTFS File system   Sun Feb 28, 2010 9:28 am

FAT- File Allocation Table (FAT) is a file system that was created by Microsoft in 1977. FAT is still in use today as the preferred file system for floppy drive media and portable, high capacity storage devices like flash drives.

FAT was the primary file system used in all of Microsoft's consumer operating systems from MS-DOS through Windows ME. The New Technology File System (NTFS) is the primary file system on Microsoft's newer operating systems but FAT is still a supported option.

The File Allocation Table file system has seen advancements over time primarily due to the need to support larger hard disk drives and larger file sizes.

Below is more information on the versions of the FAT file system:

* FAT12 - The initial version of the FAT file system, FAT12 was introduced in 1977, even before MS-DOS, and was the primary file system for Microsoft operating systems up to MS-DOS 4.0. FAT12 supports drive sizes up to 32MB.

* FAT16 - The second implementation of FAT was FAT16, introduced in 1988. FAT16 was the primary file system for MS-DOS 4.0 up to Windows 95. FAT16 supports drive sizes up to 2GB.

* FAT32 - FAT32 is the latest version of the FAT file system. It was introduced in 1996 for Windows 95 OSR2 users and was the primary file system for consumer Windows versions through Windows ME. FAT32 supports drive sizes up to 8TB.

Also Known As: FAT
Examples:
"I had an old hard drive full of data that was utilizing the old FAT16 file system but I was still able to hook it up and use it with my Windows XP PC because FAT is still supported."

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M H E L
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Posts : 343
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Age : 38
Location : Philippines

PostSubject: Re: FAT & NTFS File system   Sun Feb 28, 2010 9:30 am

NTFS - New Technology File System



Definition: New Technology File System (NTFS) is a file system that was introduced by Microsoft in 1993 with Windows NT 3.1. NTFS supports hard drive sizes up to 256TB.

NTFS is the primary file system used in Microsoft's Windows NT, Windows 2000, Windows XP, Windows 2003 and Windows Vista operating systems.

The File Allocation Table (FAT) file system was the primary file system in Microsoft's older operating systems but it is still supported today along with NTFS.
Also Known As: NTFS
Examples:
"I noticed a small increase in performance on one of my older hard drives once I converted it to the NTFS file system in Windows XP."

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